Leonie of Knysna
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Dietary Guidelines for Gout

Indulgence in rich food and plenty of alcohol can leave many people with painful joints – commonly called gout.

Gout is a type of arthritis which usually affects only one or two joints in the body. The most characteristic joint in which gout develops is the big toe. Usually gouty inflammation of the joints only last for a few days, but it can be so excruciatingly painful that sufferers never forget an episode. Unfortunately gout attacks have a habit of recurring.


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Home Information > Menopause
Managing the symptoms of menopause

At around age 50, a woman’s ovaries start to produce less oestrogen and eventually cease producing oestrogen altogether. Oestrogen is the hormone that is normally responsible for female characteristics, including the regulation of normal monthly menstruation. It is still produced in small amounts by other parts of the body, so it does not disappear from the blood stream altogether.

As the levels of oestrogen decline, monthly menstrual bleeding becomes irregular and eventually stops.  The last menstrual period is called "menopause".

When most people talk about menopause, however, they are usually referring to the time around menopause (the so called perimenopause, or climacteric), when bleeding is irregular and certain other symptoms may be experienced as a consequence of the declining oestrogen levels.

Side effects of HT
Side effects may include bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, nausea, the return of vaginal bleeding and may cause hypertension in some patients. All will be reversed as soon as HT is stopped.

Breast tenderness and bloating

Hot flushes & night sweats in menopause

What are hot flushes?

Experiencing hot flushes (also called flashes) is the feature that has made the menopause famous because it’s the most common symptom. 75- 80% of women suffer these feelings of intense heat over the trunk and face with an accompanying flushing of the skin.

A hot flush generally lasts less than five minutes, and the sweating that accompanies this “attack” usually starts a minute after the feeling of palpitations.

A hot flush may be followed by a chill and some women may become aware that their heart is beating fast or hard and they may feel anxious.




    Everyday hassles, frustrations, emotional demands and psychological tension contribute to the build-up of stress. It’s almost impossible to avoid, but stress overload is very harmful over the long run.

    Arthritis is not a modern ailment – evidence of the disorder is noted in pre-historic mammals and dinosaurs. Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and even immobility.

    Arthritis is not a modern ailment – evidence of the disorder is noted in pre-historic mammals and dinosaurs. Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and even immobility.

    We all suffer from general aches and pains from time to time – especially when we're a bit older. A fall, bump or even light bruises can cause major discomfort, although they might not justify medical attention.

    All females will experience menopause – some sooner than others. This not only causes discomfort and even embarrassment, but some don’t even realise that there is a natural way to avoid all of these.

    We all try to avoid insomnia. Whether you find it difficult to fall sleep, suffer from interrupted sleep, or lay awake for hours,the result of lack of sleep remains the same – causing frustration and irritability.

    Gout is an arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood, causing joint inflammation. Acute gout is a painful condition that typically affects one joint. Chronic gout is repeated episodes of inflammation.